Reverend Maurice FitzGerald Stephens Townsend (231)
|Date of Birth:||7 May 1791|
|Date of Death:||21 Mar 1872|
|Residence:||Thornbury and Castletownshend|
|Father:||Richard Boyle Townsend |
|See Also:||Table II ; Scrapbook ; Lineage ; Ancestors' Tree ; Descendents' Tree|
Married 16 May 1826. Alice Shute (1) was the only daughter of Henry Richmond Shute (d. 25 Nov 1855) of Iron Acton, Gloucestershire. Three years before her marriage Alice had inherited her uncle Henry Stephens' estate at Chavenage, Tetbury, Gloucestershire, when he died in 1823 without issue (2). Maurice assumed by Royal License the additional name of Stephens on 27 January 1827 as reported in the London Gazette and 'The Gentleman's Magazine' Volume 97 Part 1.
Maurice was educated at Westminster and Christ Church Oxford, where he read classics, at the same time as his brother Abraham Boyle Townsend . In a letter (3) dated June 29th 1810 to 'Mrs Townsend, 8 Montague Square, London', Maurice's tutor, Mr Frederic Ricketts, wrote "I am just come from Maurice’s examinations and although I have but little time at my disposal I cannot resist giving you some account of him.....If there is a point to be spoken of with less commendation than the others, it is the grammatical part of his knowledge. But as I said before he did on the whole very fairly. He is in my room at the moment as merry and contented as possible. Both he and Boyle are in high health."
In the summer of 1810, whilst still at Oxford, Maurice and his brother went out to Portugal to see their brother John Townsend  - known to them as Jack, then a Lieutenant in the 14th Light Dragoons serving under the Duke of Wellington during the Peninsula Campaign. Letters (4) home from Maurice describe the good life of Lisbon - "Lisbon is so delightful a place I should like to stay here the rest of the winter"; "The ladies in Lisbon are delightfully pleasant and rather pretty but the men are the most uncultivated stupid, dirty, lazy, ugly bears I ever met." In a letter to his mother from Lisbon dated September 29th 1810 Maurice said that he and 'Boyle' should return to Oxford for the Michaelmas term. However, the good life of Lisbon was clearly too tempting for Maurice later wrote to seek leave of absence for the term which was granted. Other letters to his mother tell of Jack being "in high health and spirits" but very frustrated that he did not yet have his own troop (5). In his last letter from Lisbon dated Saturday December 15th 1810 he wrote "I heard of Jack yesterday from Charles Syng, he is very well and has done one of the most gallant things that has as yet been done in Portugal - namely he with eight of his men surprised and brought home as prisoners fifty French troopers, it has been the talk of the town these last four or five days".
Maurice went to Paris to meet his brother John after his release from captivity in Pau, and wrote home on 1st July 1814 from the Hotel Versailles saying that they were in high spirits and that "Jack would write but has sprained his thumb in an attempt to thrash me....We dined all of us with Walsh's sister and had a most delightful grub".
Having graduated (6) Maurice spent much of his time in his early years in London. He was a member of Almack's and is reputed to have danced there in the first quadrille ever performed in England.
It is not known when he was ordained but The Clergy of the Church of England Database records that Maurice was appointed on 12th September 1823 as Vicar, St Mary's Parish Church, Thornbury, Gloucestershire. A letter dated 10 January 1824 in the archives of Christ Church Oxford shows that Maurice was settling into his new vicarage and was involved in “all the horrors of painting and furnishing.” He was beginning to collect the Great Tithes owed from the year before when his predecessor died. Maurice commented that he was getting to know his parishioners and that many of them were Dissenters of all kinds but not Roman Catholics. He lived at 11, Castle Street, Thornbury and remained at St Mary’s until his death in 1872.
In 1844 Joseph Leech wrote 'Rural Rides of the Bristol Churchgoer' which described a trip to Thornbury at Christmas to attend the service at St Mary’s. He gave a brief description of Maurice and his sermon at that time. “I hardly remember ever hearing a better reader…..he delivered in a distinct and sonorous voice, and with a clearness and correctness of enunciation …..He had other advantages too ..a good head and shoulders and he stood something like six feet, honest measure in his shoes. His sermon, whether a holiday one or not, was a good one; and on the whole in pulpit and reading-desk, the Rev Townsend Stephens may take a very respectable stand amongst country parsons.”
On the death of his brother Colonel John Townsend  in 1845 Maurice inherited Castletownshend by which time the disastrous alterations undertaken by his mother had been put right. Sadly the house was burned to the ground in 1852. The blaze was so fierce that the large quantity of silver, which had been stored at the top of the house, ran down in molten streams and Maurice sent a Bristol silversmith to search the ruins to value the silver by the pound. The silversmith did so and promptly disappeared to America!
Both Maurice and his brother Colonel John were absentee landlords who left running the estate to their agent; it is known that Thomas H Marmion from Skibbereen was agent in 1849.
At some time between his accession to the Castletownshend estate in 1845 and his death in 1872 Maurice raised a substantial mortgage from Mr Robert Stayner Holford of Westonbirt in Gloucestershire using the Chavenage estate as security. It is not known why this was necessary, though it could well have been to repair the house after the fire of 1852. When this encumbrance on the estate was called-in in 1891, Maurice’s daughter, Geraldine Townsend , who by then had in equal share with her sister a 'life interest successively' in the Castletownshend estate’ was forced to put the estate up for auction.
According to ‘An Officer of the Long Parliament’, Maurice was a most benevolent landlord for on acquiring the estate from his brother he dismissed £10,000 of arrears hoping thus to give his tenants a fresh start. (2005 equivalent is about £626,500!). He was an accomplished classical scholar with a great wit and, like his father, had a most retentive memory.
Maurice altered the spelling of his name to Townshend in 1870 at the suggestion of Marquis Townshend of Raynham, Norfolk, and requested that the whole family conform - some did not do so hence the anomaly in the family of the 'h' in the spelling of the name.
Maurice's will is dated 11 April 1870 and, as his son Henry Townsend  pre-deceased him, he left a ‘life interest successively’ in the Castletownshend property and the whole of his Dingle and Kerry estates to be divided equally between his two daughters Geraldine Townsend  and Alice Townsend . The sad fate of the Castletownshend estate in 1897 can be found at the entry for Geraldine Townsend  or Charles Loftus Townsend [5C01].
Along with his brothers, John and Abraham, Maurice was made a Freeman of Limerick on 6th August 1817. He was also a Freeman of the City of Cork. Between 1710 and 1841, when the power of admitting Freemen only by birth or right ceased, a total of thirty three members of the Townsend family were admitted as Freemen.
Page 299 of the Appendix to the First report of the Commissioners Part 1 - Municipal Corporations (Ireland). Published by William Clowes, Stamford Street, London in 1835 concerns the Borough of Dingle. In the section headed ‘Burgesses’ it records that “Several of the burgesses are nearly connected with the patron of the borough. The following are the present burgesses:
- John Townshend Esquire, Lieutenant Colonel 14th Light dragoons, patron of the Borough and principal proprietor of the town. (Colonel John Townsend )
- Rev Thomas Townshend, his brother. (Wrong. Should read Maurice.)
- Rev Boyle Townshend, ditto. (Abraham Boyle Townsend )
- Richard Townshend Esq., second cousin. (Richard Townsend )
None of them lived within the limits of the borough and it would appear that they rarely, if ever, attended borough meetings.
'Griffith's Valuation of Ireland 1848-1864' records "Townsend Rev MFS" and "Townsend Rev. MFS. Main Street, Castletownsend" owning land and property in Myross, Castle Townsend, Castlehaven and Creagh. The entry for Brade House in the National University of Ireland (NUI) Galway Connacht and Munster Landed Estates Database records that Maurice owned the property "John Swanton was leasing this property from Rev. Maurice Townsend at the time of Griffith's Valuation, when it was valued at £15 10s. Lewis had noted it as the seat of Rev. E.P. Thompson in 1837. It was the residence of Samuel Jervois in 1814. Taylor and Skinner's 1783 map also indicate it as a Jervois residence. In 1906 it was owned by Katherine Townsend and valued at £44 5s. There is still an extant house at the site." Katherine Townsend almost certainly refers to the wife of John Hancock Townshend  who would have moved to Brade when her son Richard Harvey Townshend  inherited the Myross estate in 1889. There are several connections with the Jervois family - see Richard Townsend .
'Slater's Commercial Directory 1856' records "Townsend, Rev. Maurice, T.S. (Castle Townsend House)". The 'Register of Landowners in County Cork 1876' records "Townsend, Rev. MTS, reps of 8,665 acres £4,794 5s" (2005 equivalent - £346,606). This figure is reflected in 'Landowners of Ireland 1878' compiled by U.H. Hussey de Burgh.
Maurice was buried at Thornbury and Alice is buried at Castletownshend.
Page 639 of the Calendar of Wills and Administration 1858-1922 in the National Archives of Ireland records that "The Reverend Maurice Fitzgerald Stephens Townsend late of Thornbury Gloucester Clerk Vicar of Thornbury". Died 21 March 1872. Probate granted at Gloucester on 30 November 1872. Re-sealed at the Principal registry Dublin on 5 December 1873. Effects in Ireland £5,129 13s 9p..
(1) Alice was born in 1803 and died of a fever on 1 November 1831.
(2) Details about how Alice came to inherit the estate can be seen at ‘A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 11’ second and third paragraphs or for a more detailed account at ‘Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society l899’ - Notes On Chavenage and The Stephens Family by the Rev. W. H. Silvester Davies, MA, pages 128 - 135. When Alice died in 1831 the estate was left in trust for her eldest son Henry John Townsend  for when he came of age in 1848. Full details of what subsequently happened to the estate are given in the records for Henry and his sister Geraldine.
(3) RBT Papers 231/3.
(4) This and subsequent letters from ‘An Officer of the Long Parliament’.
(5) John finally got his own troop after the Battle of Fuentes d'Onor were he was ADC to Sir Stapleton Cotton. It was during this battle that Captain Knife of the 14th Light Dragoons was mortally wounded and John was promoted Captain on 6 June 1811, without purchase, and put in command of Captain Knife's troop.
(6) A letter from Maurice's brother John records "I hear that Maurice has taken his degree with great eclat".
'An Officer of the Long Parliament' Ch VII p. 184-187 refers.