*************************************************************************** * * * ELECTRONIC NEWSLETTER FOR THE HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY * * * * Published by the Working Group for the History of Astronomy * * in the Astronomische Gesellschaft * * * * Number 8, February 10, 1994 * * * * A translation of * * * * ELEKTRONISCHE MITTEILUNGEN ZUR ASTRONOMIEGESCHICHTE * * Nr. 8, 22. Dezember 1994 * * * * Edited by: Dr. Wolfgang R. Dick <wdi@potsdam.ifag.de> * * * * Translated by: Mr. Donald Bellunduno <76450.1741@CompuServe.COM> * * * *************************************************************************** Contents -------- Report on the meeting of the Working Group for the History of Astronomy Peter Brosche: A new society: Historical Observatories in Gotha Rolf M. Sinclair: Preliminary Announcement: "Oxford V" in Santa Fe (August 1996) Conference Calendar 1995/96 Museums and exhibits Memorials New books Radio and Television Expression of thanks Imprint Addendum by the translator *************************************************************************** * * * To all our readers, we wish you a healthy, peaceful and successful * * * * new year! * * * *************************************************************************** ........................................................................... Report on the meeting of the Working Group for the History of Astronomy ----------------------------------------------------------------------- The meeting of the Working Group within the framework of the international scientific annual conference of the Astronomische Gesellschaft for 1994 took place on the 30 September in Potsdam. After visitation of the planetarium, and of the Bruno-H-Buergel Memorial in the New Garden (guided by R.Koenig and A.Zenkert) as well as a guided tour of the Babelsberg Observatory which was provided by W.R.Dick, at 2pm a splinter-meeting began at the University of Potsdam-Babelsberg in the buildings of the Fakulty of Law which addressed the following 9 lectures (A = Abstract in Astron. Ges. Abstract Series No. 10, 1994, published): Wolfgang R. Dick: Astronomiegeschichte und Denkmalpflege [Astronomical History and the proper care of monuments] - das Beispiel [The example] Berlin/Potsdam (A) Elvira Pfitzner: Der Briefwechsel von Gottfried Kirch mit G.S.Doerffel [The correspondence of Gottfried Kirch with G.S.Doerffel] Gisela Muenzel: Die Berliner Astronomie in den Akten des Leipziger Universitaetsarchivs [Astronomy in Berlin in the papers of the archive of the University of Leipzig] Dieter B. Herrmann: Ejnar Hertzsprung - ein "Tycho" des 20. Jahrhunderts? [Ejnar Hertzsprung - a "Tycho" of the 20th Century?] Arnold Zenkert: Aus dem Leben und Werk von Bruno H. Buergel [From the life and work of Bruno H. Buergel] Gudrun Wolfschmidt: Die Gruendung des Einstein-Turms in Potsdam (Poster presentation, A) [The founding of the Einstein-Tower in Potsdam] Juergen Rienitz: Das okularlose Fernrohr. Aus der Fruehgeschichte des Fernrohrs (A) [The ocularless telescope. From the early history of the telescope] Johannes Wuensch: Die astrometrischen Mars-Beobachtungen von Hevelius (A) [The astrometric Mars observations of Hevelius] Peter Brosche: Das astrogeodaetische Werk von G.C.Lichtenberg (A) [The astrogeodetic works of G.C.Lichtenberg] All in all 36 lecturers and guests took part in the splinter-meeting. On Saturday morning (1 October) another visitation of the Potsdam Astrophysical Observatory with special focus on the Solar Observatory "Einstein-Tower" on the Telegrafenberg took place. (Tour leaders: W.R.Dick, H.Borchert, H.Strohbusch, M.Strohbusch). ........................................................................... A new society: Historical Observatories in Gotha ------------------------------------------------ By Peter Brosche, Daun At the beginning of 1994 the society "Historical Observatories of Gotha" was founded in Gotha, which since its inception has not only become a legaly functioning entity, but has also been recognized as a non-profit organization that serves the general public. It wishes not only to dedicate itself to the upkeep and proper maintainence of the historical observatories and monuments in Gotha but also to support further research on the history of astronomy and exact geo-sciences at this place in the 18th and 19th centuries, and also to make the public aware of this information. The 200th birthday of Peter Andreas Hansen will be remembered through an exhibit on the third week of September 1995, upon which also the Akademie gemeinnuetziger Wissenschaften [Academy of Sciences of Public Utility] in Erfurt and our Working Group will take part. (See below) More information can be obtained from the Secretary, Manfred Strumpf (Heinoldsgasse 10, D-99867 Gotha, Germany). ........................................................................... Preliminary Announcement: "Oxford V" in Santa Fe (August 1996) -------------------------------------------------------------- By Rolf M. Sinclair, Arlington, USA The "Fifth 'Oxford' Conference on Archaeoastronomy" ("Oxford V") will be held at St. John's College in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. The meeting will start Saturday evening , August 3, 1996, with dinner and opening lectures. The sessions of invited and contributed talks will start Sunday morning, August 4, and will continue through the closing session on Friday afternoon August 9. One day during the week will be devoted to a tour of nearby points of interest. We have tentative plans for a group tour following the conference to some of the archaeological sites of the Southwest, to start Saturday morning August 10 and last three or four days. The costs of the meeting have not yet been set, but they will be no more than that of typical conferences in the USA. For further information contact the officers of the National Organizing Committee: Rolf M. Sinclair, Chair Division of Physics National Science Foundation 4201 Wilson Boulevard Arlington VA 22230 USA (phone) (703) 306-1809 (fax) (703) 306-0566 rsinclai@nsf.gov Raymond E. White, Secretary Steward Observatory University of Arizona Tucson AZ 85721 USA (phone) (602) 621-6528 (fax) (602) 621-1532 rwhite@as.arizona.edu ........................................................................... Conference Calendar 1995/96 --------------------------- 1995 ---- 8 or 20 April, Zurich (Switzerland) 8 April, 2-4 PM (Weather permitting): Observation of the sun and presentation of the historical instruments in the former Swiss Observatory. Booking in advance required. In case of bad weather on 8 April: 22 April, 10-12 am. (H.U.Keller, Tel. 01/632 52 06 or 01/461 68 14) 18 - 20 May, Gerolstein/Eifel (Germany) Annual conference of the Working Group for Sun-Dials of the German Society for Chronometrics. (Dr. Hugo Philipp, Duesseldorfer Str. 73, D-40721 Hilden, Germany, Tel. 02103-53668) 14 - 18 June, Rummelsberg near Altdorf/Nuremberg (Germany) Conference on the subject of History of Mathematics by the German Mathematical Society. Listed as part of the conference-program are a visit to the school's museum at the University Erlangen-Nuremberg and a tour through the historical university building Altdorf, while looking for traces of Leibniz! Costs for a four day visit are as follows: (Over-nights stay and full-room): 320,- DM. One room additional fee (4 nights): 40,- DM Conference contribution: 40,- DM Sign up permissable up until 15 Feb 1995 (Send to us for all necessary forms!) (Prof. Dr. M. Toepell, Junkerstr. 33, D-80689 Muenchen, Germany, Tel. (089) 58 55 77) 16 - 17 September, Gotha (Germany) Conference to the 200th birthday of Peter Andreas Hansen Preliminary scheduled events: Saturday afternoon lectures, Sunday morning tour (Manfred Strumpf, Heinoldsgasse 10, D-99867 Gotha, Tel. (03621) 26475) 18 September, Bonn (Germany) Meeting of the Working Group for the History of Astronomy within the framework of the annual conference of the Astronomische Gesellschaft (Prof. Dr. Peter Brosche, Observatorium Hoher List der Sternwarte der Universitaet Bonn, D-54550 Daun, Tel.: (06592) 2150, Fax: (06592) 2937) 22 - 23 September, St. Ulrich in Groeden/Southern Tirol (Austria) Fall meeting of the Working Group for Sun-Dials in the Austrian Astronomical Society. (Dipl.Ing. Karl Schwarzinger, Am Tigls 76A, A-6073 Sistrans, Austria, Tel. 0512 / 37 88 68) 1996 ---- 3 - 9 August, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA Fifth 'Oxford' Conference on Archaeoastronomy (see above) ........................................................................... Museums and Exhibits -------------------- Wolfenbuettel (Germany) 14 April - 12 July 1994 Exhibit "Old and new writing calendars" in the treasure chest of the Herzog August Library. Among the fifty calendars on display from the Herzog Library, one could also find the German Calendarium by Johannes Regiomontanus (1474) and the "Planetenbuch" ["Book of Planets"], which was made from eight paper astrolabia by Leonhard Thurneisser. Potsdam (Germany) 10 December 1994 - around June 1995 (Possibly even longer, nevertheless there is a possibility of an interruption because of restoration-work being done on the main refractor) Exhibit: "From the large refractor to the Einstein-Tower. Architecture and astrophysics on the Telegrafenberg" on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the Solar Observatory "Einstein-Tower". Conception designer: Joachim Krausse Place: Dome of the Great Refractor in the Potsdam Astrophysical Observatory on the Telegrafenberg, Building A 27 Opening times: Saturday and Sunday 10am-5pm, beginning from Spring it will be open until 6pm; closed on Christmas and New Years day. (It is recommended that one wear appropriate warm clothing for winter visits because the dome is not heated.) Catalogue: Look up section "New books" Information: Mrs. M. Strohbusch, Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, Telegrafenberg, D-14473 Potsdam, Tel. (0331) 288 2331, Fax 288 2310 Caputh in Potsdam (Germany) Since the 8th of October 1994 the summer house of Albert Einstein in Caputh, 7 km south of Potsdam, has been open to the public. The wooden house, built by architect Konrad Wachsmann in 1929, Einstein used up until 1932. It lies in a charming country setting in the vicinity of the Templin Lake, upon which Einstein went sailing. In the house, he received, among others, Otto Hahn, Max von Laue, Heinrich Mann, Max Planck, Erwin Schroedinger, Anna Seghers, Rabindranath Tagore, Chaim Weizmann and Stefan Zweig. In the last years the destiny of the house was in dispute, because the property rights are unclear and because Einstein himself expressly wished that none of his houses should be used as a museum. Address: Einstein-Haus, Am Waldrand, 14548 Caputh. In Caputh follow the guide-posts. Opening times: Saturday, Sunday, holidays 2pm-4pm, last tour at 3.30pm. 24/25 Dec and 31 Dec/1 Jan closed. Information: Fremdenverkehrsverein "Schwielowsee", Lindenstr. 56, 14548 Caputh, Tel. (033209) 7 09 86. Literature: Gruening, Michael: Ein Haus fuer Albert Einstein. Berlin: Verlag der Nation, 1990. 583 pp., ISBN 3-373-00324-5. Berlin (Germany) The new collection "Treasures of Geodesy" of the Museum for Transport and Technology in Berlin (see ENHA Nr. 4) was put together for a special exhibit. However, since the building of the department in 1989 "Scientific Instruments" there can also be seen numerous astronomical and geodetic instruments, including three small telescopes (18/19 century, including one from Dollond), a Davis-Quadrant (Backstaff, cir. 1700), a Nocturnal (star-clock, earliest 18 century), a theodolit, two transit instruments, a solar quadrant, navigation instruments like sextants and octants, as well as a chronometer from Tiede. Of special interest are the works of Carl Bamberg and the Askania Factory in Berlin. The exhibit-rooms are unfortunately located off to the side in the so-called "Beamtenhaus" between the two engine-houses. Address: Museum fuer Verkehr und Technik, Trebbiner Strasse 9, D-10963 Berlin, Tel. (030) 25484-0, Fax (030) 25484-175 Opening times: Tue - Fri 9am - 5:30pm, Sat - Son 10am - 6pm, Please inquire about holiday opening times. Berlin (Germany) The Museum for Applied Arts in Berlin has been also displaying in their permanent exhibit interesting instruments from the history of astronomy and related fields. In room IV one find the department "Scientific instruments/clocks". To be seen are, among others, astrolabia (16/17 century), theodolites, an armillar sphere (c. 1730), a telescope (1610/16), dish-clocks with astrolabia, pocket-sundials (16-18 century), Planetary tables (1574) and everlasting calendars. Address: Kunstgewerbemuseum, Matthaeikirchplatz, 10785 Berlin, Tel. (030) 266 29 09/02 Opening times: Tue-Fri 9am-5pm, Sa+Su 10am-5pm. Closed 1 Jan, 24/25 and 31 Dec as well as on Tuesday after Easter and Whitsuntide Catalogues: Dreier, Franz Adrian: Winkelmessinstrumente [Anglemeasuring instruments]. From the 16th to the early 19th Century. Berlin: Kunstgewerbemuseum, 1989. 176 pp., DM 20.00. Hausmann, Tjark: Alte Uhren [Antique clocks]. Berlin: Kunstgewerbemuseum, 1979. 210 pp., DM 10.00 (Both are available). Copenhagen (Denmark) The Round Tower was built as an observatory and library in 1637 - 42 during Christian IV. His stepless winding hallway is unique in European architecture. The library room was opened again in 1987 as an exhibit room. From the observation platform, one has a beautiful view over "Old Copenhagen" and during the winter months you can also see the starry-sky through a telescope. Address: Rundetarn, Kobmagergrade 52a, Kobenhavn K Vestskovudstillingen near Copenhagen (Denmark) Since 1979 the Ole Romer Museum has placed in this village. In the vicinity there existed from 1704 until 1740 Romer's "Observatorium Tusculanum", whose base was not rediscovered and dug up until 1978. The walls and the posts of the observatory have been reconstructed on the original spot. Opening times of the museum: Mo-Fr 9am-4pm, Fr 9am-3pm, Sa/So/holidays 2-5pm Address: Ole Romer Museet, Kroppedals Alle 3, Vridslosemagle, DK-2630 Taastrup, Tel. + 42 52 95 85. Graz (Austria) In the Federal High School on Keplerstrasse 1 in Graz a permanent exhibit was erected to commemorate the 400 year anniversary of J.Kepler's arrival in Graz. It will be used as a learning and experience exhibit and will serve to bring the works and ideas of Johannes Kepler nearer to today's youth. As an exemple, a three meter high icosahedron, with mirrors inside and to be entered, shall give an impression how Kepler was fascinated by geometry. Information: Dr. Gerhard Rath, Bundesrealgymnasium, Keplerstrasse 1, A-8020 Graz Jena (Germany) Ernst Abbe and Otto Schott - Life and Works. A new permanent exhibit in the Optical Museum in Jena, which was organized in February 1994 through the Ernst-Abbe-Stiftung Jena. Address: Optisches Museum, Carl-Zeiss-Platz 12, D-07743 Jena, Tel. (03641) 55109 Karlstadt (Germany) 17 - 23 July 1995 Exhibit "Johann Schoener and the Celestial Globe" in the Schoener-Gymnasium Karlstadt. Information: StD Werner Zapotetzky, Johann-Schoener-Gymnasium, Bodelschwingstr. 29, D-97753 Karlstadt, Tel. (09353) 7474 Ingolstadt (Germany) September - December 1995 Peter Apian and his time - Astronomy, Mathematics, Cartography and Cosmography. Exhibit in the Stadtmuseum [City Museum] at Ingolstadt. Information: Dr. Karl Roettel, Am Aschweg 57, D-85114 Buxheim ........................................................................... Memorials --------- On the occassion of the 600th anniversary of the founding of the University of Erfurt (1392) and the 200th anniversary of the conferment of the Doctorate's Degree of the University on Johann Hieronymus Schroeter on the 19th of September 1992 was conferred a bronze memorial on the birth-house of Schroeter in Erfurt (Schlosserstrasse 25, formerly Neue Strasse, then Hermann-Jahn-Strasse; close to the Museum "Neue Muehle"). It concerns a donation of the citizens of Lilienthal. On the 3rd September 1994 the Walter Hohmann Observatory in Essen celebrates their 25th anniversary. A relief has been dedicated to the specialist for celestial mechanics and pioneer of space-travel Walter Hohmann (1880 - 1945), and a telescope has been named in honour of Christel Borchers-Heiss (1921 - 1994), who was a supporter of the observatory. (Wallneyer Strasse 159, 45133 Essen, Tel. 0201-493941). ........................................................................... New Books --------- 25 Jahre Walter-Hohmann-Sternwarte Essen [25 years of the Walter Hohmann Observatory in Essen]. Essen, 1994. 56 pp. [with popular astronomical and historical essays] Anderson, R.G.W.; Bennett, Jim A.; Ryan, W.F. (Eds.): Making instruments count: Essays on historical scientific instruments presented to Gerard L'Estrange Turner. Aldershot: Variorum, 1993. Pp. 512, 121 illus., ISBN 0-86078-394-4, GBP 57.50 [also on astronomical instrument] Astronomische Phaenomenologie. Tatsachen, Probleme, Hilfsmittel. 21. Sternfreunde-Seminar, 1994 [Astronomical Phenomenology. Facts, problems, reference help. 21nd Amateur Astronomers' Seminar, 1994]. Planetarium der Stadt Wien - Zeiss Planetarium. [186 pp.], Manuscript print, unbound, oeS 230.00 + 30.00 for postage [contains also historical essays, especially with reference to antique observations; Available from: Astronomisches Buero, Hasenwartgasse 32, A-1238 Wien, Tel./Fax (0222) 889 35 41; Payment after receiving bill] Cluzan, Sophie; Moulierac, Jeanne; Bounni, Adnan (Eds.): Syrie, Memoire et Civilisation. Paris: Flammarion (Institut du Monde Arabe), 1993. ISBN 2-906062-58-8 [contains also: D.A.King "Instruments astronomiques syriens"] Corbally, C.J.; Gray, R.O.; Garrison, Robert F. (Eds.): The MK Process at 50 years: a powerful tool for astrophysical insight. A Workshop of the Vatican Observatory, Tucson, Arizona, U.pp.A., September 1993. San Francisco, Ca.: Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 1994. Pp. xxi, 411, ISBN 0-937707-79-1 (= Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, Vol. 60) [Part V: The history of MK classification. With contributions by D.E.Osterbrock, D.Hoffleit, M.F.McCarthy, and J.Rountree] Das 500jaehrige Jubilaeum der Krakauer Studienzeit von Nicolaus Copernicus. Tagung: Das 500jaehrige Jubilaeum der Kraukauer Studienzeit von Nicolaus Copernicus, Krakau (Poland), June 1993 [The 500 year jubilee of the Cracow study-time of Nicolaus Copernicus. Conference: The 500 year jubilee of the Cracow study-time of Nicolaus Copernicus , Cracow (Poland), June 1993]. Cracow (Poland): Internationales Kulturzentrum, 1993. 164 pp. (= Forschungszentrum fuer europaeische Kulturen, Die Reihe: Wissenschaft, Nr. 3) Dekker, Elly; van der Krogt, Peter: Globes from the Western World. London: Zwemmer, 1993. Pp. 183, illus., mostly colour, ISBN 0-302-00618-4, GBP 39.50 [Important list of makers] Der Einsteinturm in Potsdam. Architektur und Astrophysik. Herausgegeben vom Astrophysikalischen Institut Potsdam. Begleitband zur Ausstellung "Vom Grossen Refraktor zum Einsteinturm" [The Einstein-Tower in Potsdam. Architecture and Astrophysics. Published by the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam. Accompanyment to the exhibit "From the Large Refractor to the Einstein-Tower"]. Editor: Barbara Eggers. Berlin: Ars Nicolai, 1995. 159 pp., 129 ill., ISBN 3-89479-068-7, DM 28.00 [with contributions by B.Eggers, F.W.Jaeger, K.Hentschel, S.Achenbach, J.Staude, J.Krausse, W.Pehnt, J.Posener] Hohmann, Walter: Die Erreichbarkeit der Himmelskoerper. Untersuchungen ueber das Raumfahrtproblem. Herausgegeben durch das Kuratorium Der Mensch und der Weltraum e.V. [The reachability of the heavenly bodies. Investigations into the space-travel problem. Published by the Curatorium "Man and Space"]. Muenchen, Wien: R. Oldenbourg Verlag, 1994. XX, 102 pp., ISBN 3-486-23106-5, DM 29.80; High School students and university students (with valid ID) DM 19.80. [Extended reprint of the 1st edition 1925. With commentaries by F.Schmeidler and a biography of Hohmann. Available from: Walter-Hohmann-Sternwarte, Wallneyer Str. 159, D-45133 Essen, Germany] Kummer, Hans-Jochen: Ludwig Strasser - ein Uhrenfachmann aus Glashuette [Ludwig Strasser - A clock maker from Glashuette]. Muenchen: Callwey Verlag, 1994. 216 pp., ISBN 3-7667-1122-9, DM 128.00 [Ludwig Strasser (1853-1917) delivered also to observatories. One Chapter is devoted to the relationship with Wilhelm Foerster, who was friends with Strasser.] Mazzolini, R.G. (Ed.): Non-verbal communication in science prior to 1900. Florence: Leo S. Olschki Editore, 1993. Pp. xii, 622, illus., ISBN 88-222-4069-3, L. 98,000 (= Biblioteca di Nuncius studi e testi, XI) [contains also: D.A.King "Some medieval astronomical instruments and their secrets"] Moderne Astronomische Phaenomenologie. 20. Sternfreunde-Seminar, 1992/93 [Modern Astronomical Phenomenology. 20th Amateur Astronomers' Seminar, 1992/93]. Planetarium der Stadt Wien - Zeiss Planetarium und Oesterreichischer Astronomischer Verein. [238 pp.], Manuscript print, unbound, oeS 290.00 + 30.00 for postage [contains also historical essays, especially with reference to antique observations; Available from: Astronomisches Buero, Hasenwartgasse 32, A-1238 Wien, Tel./Fax (0222) 889 35 41; Payment after receiving bill] Putnam, William Lowell: The explorers of Mars Hill. Flagstaff: Lowell Observatory, 1994. Pp. 289, ISBN 0-914-65969-3, $ 30 (hb) [on Percival Lowell (1855-1916) and the Lowell Observatory at Flagstaff (USA)] Review: D.Stickland: The Observatory 114 (1994), 248-249 Smith, Robert W.; Hanle, P.A.; Kargon, R.H.; Tatarewicz, J.N.: The Space Telescope. A Study of NASA, science, technology, and politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Pp. 528, ISBN 0-521-45768-8, GBP 16.95, US$ 24.95 Sragner, Marta: Gothard Jenoe. 3d and revised ed. Szombathely (Hungary): Gothard Amatoercsillagazati Egyesuelet [Gothard Society of Amateur Astronomers], 1994. Pp. 95 [Short biography (Hungarian and English) and extensive bibliography of the publications by and about the Hungarian astronomer Jenoe (Eugen von) Gothard (1857-1909); Adress of the author: M. Sragner, Alkotmany u. 3, H-7624 Pecs, Hungary] ........................................................................... Radio and Television -------------------- On the 24th of May 1994 the German radio channel HESSEN 2 broadcasted the feature "Neues von der Sintflut oder Wie ein Komet die Bibel beweisen soll" ["News from the Flood or How a comet shall prove the Bible"] by Beate Ziegs, member of our Working Group. Approximately 10000 years ago a comet was supposed to have caused global destruction. According to the Austrian geologists Edith and Alexander Tollmann, what as "The Flood" found world-wide entrance into myths, was based upon eyewittness reports. The two scientists attempted to explain and to prove this theory with modern scientific methods. A further program by Beate Ziegs under the title "Die Externsteine: Ein germanisches Stonehenge?" ["The Externsteine: A German Stonehenge?"] was delivered on the 8th of September 1994 on German radio channel BR 2. It was based upon the archeoastronomical findings of Wolfhard Schlosser (Bochum). The feature by Beate Ziegs "Pulkovo / St. Petersburg: Ueber Ruhm und Elend der einstigen Weltmetropole der Astronomie" ["Pulkovo / St. Petersburg: On fame and misery of the former world metropolis in astronomy"] was sent over the airwaves by RADIO BREMEN 2 on the 10th of November 1994 and was repeated on the 25 December. The author reports on the history and future of the Pulkovo Observatory. On the 22th December the German radio channel SFB 3 transmitted the program "Im Tempel der Wissenschaft: 70 Jahre Einsteinturm" ["In the temple of science: 70 years of the Einstein-Tower"] by B. Ziegs. A longer feature by the same author on the same topic will be transmitted by RADIO BREMEN 2 (Broadcast: 16 March, 9-10 pm). The German television channel WDR carried on the 29th of October 1994 a recording of the multimedia music-theatre "Keplers Dream" (Music and Libretto: Giorgio Battistelli) from the 4th Munich Biennale. The premiere took place in 1990 in Linz, where Kepler from 1614 until 1626 was active. ........................................................................... Expression of thanks -------------------- For information we thank: D.Boendel (Berlin), B.Eggers (Berlin), D.Gerdes (Lilienthal), K.-D.Herbst (Jena), H.U.Keller (Zuerich), A.Korte (Essen), H.-J.Kummer (Ludwigshafen), H.Mucke (Wien), G.Rath (Graz), K.Schwarzinger (Sistrans), M.Sragner (Pecs), M.Toepell (Muenchen), B.Ziegs (Berlin). ........................................................................... IMPRINT ------- Electronic Newsletter for the History of Astronomy (ENHA) Published by the Working Group for the History of Astronomy in the Astronomische Gesellschaft A translation of "Elektronische Mitteilungen zur Astronomiegeschichte" Editor: Dr. Wolfgang R. Dick <wdi@potsdam.ifag.de> Translated by: Mr. Donald Bellunduno <76450.1741@compuserve.com> All news which is not mentioned by name are editorial contributions. Articles as well as information for the several sections will be gladly received. Subscription for the ENHA is free. In order to obtain a subscription inside Germany, one must first obtain a subscription for the printed Mitteilungen zur Astronomiegeschichte (MA). [Mitteilungen zur Astronomiegeschichte: Price: DM 1.50 / issue plus postage and packing costs outside Germany: free Subscription: Send in DM 2.50 (one issue) or DM 5.00 (Nos. 4-5) in stamps to the editor Editor: Dr. W. R. Dick, Otterkiez 14, D-14478 Potsdam, Germany, Tel.: (+331) 863199 ] Astronomische Gesellschaft / Astronomical Society: Chairman: Prof. Dr. Hanns Ruder, University of Tuebingen, Theoretical Astrophysics and Computational Physics, Auf der Morgenstelle 10, D-72076 Tuebingen Secretary: Dr. G. Klare, Landessternwarte, Koenigstuhl, D-69117 Heidelberg Arbeitskreis Astronomiegeschichte / Working Group for the History of Astronomy: Chairman: Prof. Dr. Peter Brosche, Observatorium Hoher List der Sternwarte der Universitaet Bonn, D-54550 Daun, Germany, Tel.: (+6592) 2150, Fax: (+6592) 2937 Secretary: Dr. Wolfgang R. Dick, Institut fuer Angewandte Geodaesie, Aussenstelle Potsdam, Postfach 60 08 08, D-14408 Potsdam, Germany, Tel.: (+331) 316 619, E-mail: wdi@potsdam.ifag.de (in the event I am not reachable at this address, please try the following address: dick@gfz-potsdam.de) Treasurer: Dr. Reinhard Schielicke, Universitaetssternwarte, Schillergaesschen 2, D-07745 Jena, Tel.: (+3641) 63 03 36, E-mail: schie@georg.astro.uni-jena.de Secretary for Public Relations: Dr. Gudrun Wolfschmidt, Deutsches Museum, Museumsinsel 1, D-80538 Muenchen, Germany, Tel.: (+89) 2179 277, Fax: (+89) 2179 324, E-mail: t7911ac@sunmail.lrz-muenchen.de Bank Acct. of the Working Group of the Astronomische Gesellschaft: Acct # 261 917, Sparkasse Mannheim (BLZ 670 501 01) Contributions from foreign countries, please sign with: "Fuer Arbeitskreis Astronomiegeschichte" to: acct # 162 18-203, Postgiroamt Hamburg, BLZ 200 400 20 *************************************************************************** Addendum by the translator: --------------------------- Space Anniversaries (from the SPACE CALENDAR) --------------------------------------------- (Additions to the list in ENHA No. 6 and 7; 5th, 10th and 15th anniversaries are omitted here) ========================= Space Calendar by Ron Baalke ========================= February 1995 Feb 17 - 30th Anniversary (1965), Ranger 8 Launch (Moon Impact Mission) March 1995 Mar 15 - 20th Anniversary (1975), Helios 1 Perihelion (0.309 AU from Sun) Mar 21 - 30th Anniversary (1965), Ranger 9 Launch (Moon Impact Mission) April 1995 Apr 01 - 35th Anniversary (1960), TIROS-1 Launch (1st Weather Satellite) June 1995 Jun 08 - 20th Anniversary (1975), Venera 9 Launch (Russian Venus Orbiter/Lander) Jun 14 - 20th Anniversary (1975), Venera 10 Launch (Russian Venus Orbiter/Lander) August 1995 Aug 17 - 25th Anniversary (1970), Venera 7 Launch (Venus Lander) September 1995 Sep 09 - 20th Anniversary (1975), Viking 2 Launch (Mars Orbiter/Lander) Sep 12 - 25th Anniversary (1970), Luna 16 Launch (Moon Sample Return) October 1995 Oct 11 - 50th Anniversary (1945), JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to Escape Earth's Atmosphere). Oct 20 - 25th Anniversary (1970), Zond 8 Launch (Moon Orbit & Return) Oct 22 - 20th Anniversary (1975), Venera 9, Venus Orbit Insertion & Landing Oct 25 - 20th Anniversary (1975), Venera 10, Venus Orbit Insertion & Landing November 1995 Nov 10 - 25th Anniversary (1970), Luna 17 Launch (Russian Moon Rover) December 1995 Dec 04 - 30th Anniversary (1965), Gemini 7 Launch Dec 15 - 30th Anniversary (1965), Gemini 6 Launch Dec 15 - 25th Anniversary (1970), Venera 7, Venus Dec 16 - 30th Anniversary (1965), Pioneer 6 Launch January 1996 Jan 01 - 195th Anniversary (1801), Discovery of the First Asteroid (Ceres) by Piazzi Jan 15 - 20th Anniversary (1976), Helios 2 Launch (Solar Orbiter) Jan 31 - 25th Anniversary (1971), Apollo 14 Launch Jan 31 - 30th Anniversary (1966), Luna 9 Launch (Russian Moon Lander) February 1996 Feb 04 - Clyde Tombaugh's 90th Birthday (1906) URL: http://newproducts.jpl.nasa.gov/calendar/calendar.html Please send any updates or corrections to baalke@kelvin.jpl.nasa.gov. ...........................................................................