NORMAL PROCEDURES

PREFLIGHT CHECK

RED TAG ITEMS

Control Gust Locks ..........................................Removed & Stow
Pitot Tube Cover ............................................Removed & Stow
Exhaust Stack Plugs & Fuel Vent Caps............Removed & Stow
Air Inlet Plugs .................................................Removed & Stow

COCKPIT

Avionics Master Switch .............................................................OFF
Ignition ...................................................................................... OFF
Primary Flight Controls .......................................... proper operation
Canopy ....................................................................check ; CLEAN
Baggage ................................................................... stowed properly
Required papers {ARROW} ............................................... on board
Battery Master Switch ................................................................. ON
Fuel Quantity Guages .............................................................. check
Turn Coordinator Gyro .......................................... listen for spin up
Trim...............................Check proper ops................. Set to Neutral
Flaps .....................Check proper ops............LEAVE EXTENDED
Pitot Heat .....................................................................................ON

LEFT WING

Surface condition.(loose rivits, dents, snow ,ice etc.) .............. check
Flaps: hinges, actuator .............................................................. check
Aileron: hinges, actuator .......................................................... check
Wing tip and lights ................................................................... check
Pitot tube.................................................... CLEAR ................check
.......................Increased temperature .........................................check
Pitot Heat and Master Switches ....................................................OFF
Fuel quantity and color (open cap & inspect) .......................... check
Fuel cap .......................................................... CLOSE & SECURE
Fuel tank sump ........................ drain, CHECK for H20 & COLOR
DME and Marker Beacon Antennae on belly .......................... check
Landing gear tire, leg fairing & pants....................................... check
Chock, tie down etc .............................remove / release if applicable

 

 

NOSE SECTION

Cowling , left ................................................................... SECURE
Fuel Tank Vents ..............................................................Check Clear
Exhaust stacks .........................................................Check Condition
Propeller (nicks & cracks ) & spinner ...................................... check
Air inlets ............................................................................ CLEAR
Cowling center ................................................................. SECURE

Engine compartment

Oil, quantity & cleanliness .................................................. check
Dipstick .......................................................... properly SECURE
Dipstick access hatch .................................................... SECURE

Cowling , right ................................................................ SECURE

RIGHT WING

Surface condition.(loose rivits, dents, snow, ice, frost etc.)...... check
Fuel quantity and color (open cap & inspect) .......................... check
Fuel cap .......................................................... CLOSE & SECURE
Fuel tank sump ........................ drain, CHECK for H20 & COLOR
Transponder Antenna on belly ..................................................check
Chock, tie down etc. ............................remove / release if applicable
Landing gear tire, leg fairing & pant ....................................... check
Landing light ............................................................................check
Wing tip, position and anti-collision lights .............................. check
Aileron: hinges, actuator &grounding strap ............................ check
Flaps: hinges, actuator & grounding strap ............................... check

FUSELAGE RIGHT

General condition ..................................................................... check
Antennas: dorsal: 2 comm & ELT .......................................... check
Rear canopy .............................................................................. clean
Static port ....................................................................................clear

EMPENNAGE

General condition ..................................................................... check
Rudder & Elevator Hinges, attachments & actuators .............. check
Trim tab hinges & actuators ..................................................... check
Antenna : Nav below horizontal stabilizer ...............................check
Tie down ( if applicable ) ....................................................... release

FUSELAGE LEFT

General condition ..................................................................... check
Static port ....................................................................................clear
Rear canopy ............. ................................................................ clean

PRE - ENGINE START

PASSENGER SAFETY BRIEFING

Harness Operation
Canopy Operation, Nominal and Emergency
Fire Extinguisher Location and Use
Backup Radio Location and Use
Emergency Landing Procedures
ELT Activation
Flight Materials, Stowage and Access

Canopy ................................................................... closed & latched
Overhead latch ....................................................................... latched
Seats ................................................................... adjusted and locked
Harnesses ...(PILOT & PASSENGERS) ........................... fastened
Circuit breakers .............................................................................. in
Avionics Master Switch ............................................................ OFF
Carburetor heat .............................................................. FULL OFF
Fuel Selector .....................................(quickest cutoff) RIGHT tank

 

ENGINE START

NORMAL COLD START

Prime ................................................................................ as required
Throttle .................................................................... OPEN 1/4 inch
Battery & Alternator Master Switchs ......................................... ON
Flaps .............................................................................. RETRACT
Fuel Boost Pump ........................................................................ ON
Mixture Control .......................................................... FULL RICH
CLEAR ......................................... CALL OUT , WAIT c. 10 sec
BREAKS................................................................................... SET
Starter ............................................................. Engage (rotate CW )
Throttle ..................................... adjust to desired RPM (1200 nom)
Alternator amps non-zero ....................................................... check
Oil Pressure.......indication after < 30 sec ...........Nom. .25 psi Idling
Fuel Boost Pump ...................................................................... OFF
Fuel pressure....still in limits ..............................3 psi Nom. +5 - 2.5
Primer .............................................................................. LOCKED
Magneto Grounding ................................................................. check

TAXIING

Avionics Master Switch............................................................... ON
ATIS, Clearance and Ground control ..................contact & COPY
Anti-Collision Lights .................................................................. ON
Taxi area ................................................................................... clear
Brakes (after c. 1-meter roll) ....... check....Watch for AI pitch down
Steering ............. check..... watch for proper TC and DG indications

 
RUN UP

Brakes ........................................................................................ SET
Throttle ............................................................................. 1800 RPM
Magnetos .......................... max. drop 175 RPM ; max diff. 50 RPM
Vacuum ..................................................................... 5.0 in Hg ± 0.3
Oil Pressure ....................................Nom ...60 psi ..90 max.. ...check
Oil Temperature......................180°F Nom ... 245°F Max .... ...check
Fuel Pressure .................................................3 psi Nom.......... check
Carburetor Heat ON .......................................... max. drop 150 RPM
Carburetor Heat ......................................................................... OFF
Throttle ........................................................... retard to < 1000 RPM
Magneto Switch ..................................................................... BOTH

 

BEFORE TAKEOFF

Master switch ............................................................................... ON
Fuel selector......................... proper (ususally,most nearly full ) tank
Mixture .......................................................................................... set
Fuel Boost Pump ......................................................................... ON
Carburetor Heat ......................................................................... OFF
Engine instruments ................................................................... check
Seat belts, back, harnesses, CANOPY & baggage ........... SECURE
Flaps .............................................................................................. set
Flight instruments (gyros & altimeter) .......................................... set
Trim tabs ....................................................................................... set
Controls ....................................................................................... free

TAKEOFF

Rotation ................................................................................... 40 Kts
Best Angle of Climb ............................................................... 70 Kts
Best Rate of Climb .................................................................. 90 Kts

CRUSE

Fuel Boost Pump ....................................................................... OFF
Power ............................................................65% .......... 2200 RPM
Mixture ................. Above 5000 ft and Below 75% power ...... Lean
Best Economy ......... EGT............50°F Lean of peak
Max Power................EGT...........150°F Rich of peak
Cylinder Head Temperatures......500°F MAX .....................Monitor
Fuel ........................................ SWITCH TANKS approx. each hour

DECENT

Mixture ................................................................................... RICH
Altimeter .................................................................................... SET

LANDING PREPARATION

Fuel selector ..................................................... Most nearly full tank
Fuel Boost Pump ......................................................................... ON
Carburetor heat .... if Temp <70°F & if (T-DP) < 4°F ............... ON
Flaps ................................................................................. as required

SHUT DOWN

Avionics Master Switch ....Check for ELT trigger ...........then...OFF
Pitot Heat, Anti-Collision Lights, Fuel Boost Pump .................. OFF
Lights .......................................................................................... OFF
Mixture .................................................................... IDLE CUT OFF
Battery & Alternator Master switchs ......................................... OFF
Magneto switch ..................................... OFF then REMOVE KEY