A Technique for Foreground Subtraction in Redshifted 21 cm Observations

Type Journal Article
Names Jungyeon Cho, A. Lazarian, Peter T. Timbie
Publication The Astrophysical Journal
Volume 749
Issue 2
Pages 164
Date April 1, 2012
URL http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012ApJ...749..164C
Library Catalog NASA ADS
Abstract One of the main challenges for future 21 cm observations is to remove foregrounds which are several orders of magnitude more intense than the H I signal. We propose a new technique for removing foregrounds of the redshifted 21 cm observations. We consider multi-frequency interferometer observations. We assume that the 21 cm signals in different frequency channels are uncorrelated and the foreground signals change slowly as a function of frequency. When we add the visibilities of all channels, the foreground signals increase roughly by a factor of ~N because they are highly correlated. However, the 21 cm signals increase by a factor of {\sim} \sqrt{N} because the signals in different channels contribute randomly. This enables us to obtain an accurate shape of the foreground angular power spectrum. Then, we obtain the 21 cm power spectrum by subtracting the foreground power spectrum obtained this way. We describe how to obtain the average power spectrum of the 21 cm signal.
Tags ISM: General, cosmology: observations, large-scale structure of Universe, turbulence
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