A Long-period Totally Eclipsing Binary Star at the Turnoff of the Open Cluster NGC 6819 Discovered with Kepler

Type Journal Article
Names Eric L. Sandquist, Robert D. Mathieu, Karsten Brogaard, Søren Meibom, Aaron M. Geller, Jerome A. Orosz, Katelyn E. Milliman, Mark W. Jeffries, Lauren N. Brewer, Imants Platais, Frank Grundahl, Hans Bruntt, Søren Frandsen, Dennis Stello
Publication The Astrophysical Journal
Volume 762
Pages 58
Journal Abbreviation The Astrophysical Journal
Date January 1, 2013
DOI 10.1088/0004-637X/762/1/58;
ISSN 0004-637X
URL http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013ApJ...762...58S
Library Catalog NASA ADS
Abstract We present the discovery of the totally eclipsing long-period (P = 771.8 days) binary system WOCS 23009 in the old open cluster NGC 6819 that contains both an evolved star near central hydrogen exhaustion and a low-mass (0.45 M &sun;) star. This system was previously known to be a single-lined spectroscopic binary, but the discovery of an eclipse near apastron using data from the Kepler space telescope makes it clear that the system has an inclination that is very close to 90°. Although the secondary star has not been identified in spectra, the mass of the primary star can be constrained using other eclipsing binaries in the cluster. The combination of the total eclipses and a mass constraint for the primary star allows us to determine a reliable mass for the secondary star and radii for both stars, and to constrain the cluster age. Unlike well-measured stars of similar mass in field binaries, the low-mass secondary is not significantly inflated in radius compared to model predictions. The primary star characteristics, in combination with cluster photometry and masses from other cluster binaries, indicate a best age of 2.62 ± 0.25 Gyr, although stellar model physics may introduce systematic uncertainties at the ~10% level. We find preliminary evidence that the asteroseismic predictions for red giant masses in this cluster are systematically too high by as much as 8%. This is paper 53 of the WIYN Open Cluster Study (WOCS).
Tags BINARIES: SPECTROSCOPIC, STARS: DISTANCES, Stars: Evolution, binaries: eclipsing, open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 6819, stars: low-mass
UW-Madison Astronomy Home