Spatially resolved kinematics of the multi-phase interstellar medium in the inner disc of M82

Type Journal Article
Names M. S. Westmoquette, L. J. Smith, J. S. Gallagher, F. Walter
Publication Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume 428
Pages 1743-1754
Journal Abbreviation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Date January 1, 2013
DOI 10.1093/mnras/sts154
ISSN 0035-8711
URL http://adsabs.org/2013MNRAS.428.1743W
Library Catalog labs.adsabs.harvard.edu
Abstract We present spatially resolved kinematics of the interstellar Na i D λλ5890, 5896 doublet absorption and 12CO (1 → 0) emission across the inner ˜2 × 1 kpc of the disc of M82. These data were obtained with the DensePak integral field unit on the WIYN (Wisconsin, Indiana, Yale and NOAO) telescope and the Caltech Owens Valley Radio Observatory millimetre array. By measuring the Na i and CO (and Hα kinematics from a previous study) at the same spatial resolution, and employing the same line fitting method, we have been able to make meaningful comparisons between the ionized, neutral and molecular gas phases. We detect a component of the Na i line throughout the inner disc with velocities that are forbidden by the known galactic rotation. We interpret this as originating in counter-rotating or perhaps inflowing material. In the southern plume, we find clear evidence of entrained CO gas with kinematics consistent with that of Hα. On the northern side, the CO kinematics appear to trace more static clouds in the inner halo that could be pre-existing or tidal in origin. We find no evidence that Na i absorption is kinematically associated with the outflow. We conclude that a combination of lack of velocity resolution and confusion due to the high inclination of the system is acting to prevent detection. Thus, in the search for neutral outflows from galaxies, the signature high velocity components may easily be missed in observations at low spectral resolution and/or sensitivity, and particularly so in highly inclined systems.
Tags GALAXIES: INDIVIDUAL (M82), Galaxies: ISM, ISM: kinematics and dynamics, galaxies: starburst
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