A Study of the Cold Gas and Stellar Populations of the Antlia Cluster with KAT-7 and WISE

Type Conference Paper
Names Kelley Hess, C. Carignan, T. Jarrett, S. Goedhart, S. S. Passmoor, E. M. Wilcots
Proceedings Title American Astronomical Society
Conference Name AAS Meeting #223, #231.01
Date January 1, 2014
URL http://adsabs.org/2014AAS.22323101H
Library Catalog labs.adsabs.harvard.edu
Abstract We present neutral hydrogen (HI) observations of the Antlia Galaxy Cluster from the Karoo Array Telescope (KAT-7), a MeerKAT/SKA pathfinder array in South Africa, and describe some of the data reduction challenges overcome by the science commissioning team. Antlia is the third most nearby, massive galaxy cluster, yet it is poorly studied because it lies at low Galactic latitude (l=+19'○) in the Southern hemisphere. We combine the KAT-7 HI data with WISE infrared observations to study the gaseous and stellar components of the galaxy population of this dynamically young system. The velocity information from KAT-7 allows us to confirm gas rich cluster members that lack optical spectroscopic redshifts. Antlia is an ideal target for KAT-7 spectral line commissioning because the recessional velocity of cluster members is not confused with Galactic hydrogen, and the telescope resolution is such that we recover the full HI flux of galaxies, while not suffering from source confusion. The WISE observations cut through Galactic extinction to provide a more complete census of cluster member candidates. Blind HI observations have shown that the presence of gas rich objects around the dense environments of clusters and massive groups is an excellent tracer of substructure, highlighting filaments where galaxies are being accreted within the dark matter halo. With two distinct concentrations of galaxies centered on each of two large elliptical galaxies, the cluster is likely still in the process of merging, making it an interesting target for environmentally driven galaxy evolution studies.
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