A Baryonic Solution to the Missing Satellites Problem

Type Journal Article
Names Alyson M. Brooks, Michael Kuhlen, Adi Zolotov, Dan Hooper
Publication The Astrophysical Journal
Volume 765
Pages 22
Journal Abbreviation The Astrophysical Journal
Date March 1, 2013
DOI 10.1088/0004-637X/765/1/22;
ISSN 0004-637X
URL http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013ApJ...765...22B
Library Catalog NASA ADS
Abstract It has been demonstrated that the inclusion of baryonic physics can alter the dark matter densities in the centers of low-mass galaxies, making the central dark matter slope more shallow than predicted in pure cold dark matter simulations. This flattening of the dark matter profile can occur in the most luminous subhalos around Milky Way mass galaxies. Zolotov et al. have suggested a correction to be applied to the central masses of dark matter-only satellites in order to mimic the affect of (1) the flattening of the dark matter cusp due to supernova feedback in luminous satellites and (2) enhanced tidal stripping due to the presence of a baryonic disk. In this paper, we apply this correction to the z = 0 subhalo masses from the high resolution, dark matter-only Via Lactea II (VL2) simulation, and find that the number of massive subhalos is dramatically reduced. After adopting a stellar mass to halo mass relationship for the VL2 halos, and identifying subhalos that are (1) likely to be destroyed by stripping and (2) likely to have star formation suppressed by photo-heating, we find that the number of massive, luminous satellites around a Milky Way mass galaxy is in agreement with the number of observed satellites around the Milky Way or M31. We conclude that baryonic processes have the potential to solve the missing satellites problem.
Tags Cosmology: Theory, Galaxies: Dwarf, cosmology: observations, dark matter
UW-Madison Astronomy Home